Find out how many LGBT people have children in Ohio

LGBTQ+ people have historically been excluded from conversations about family planning, custody rights, and cultural and legal ideas of what a family should be like. Prior to the 1970s, it was not uncommon for a gay or lesbian parent lose custody of your child– or to have their parental rights taken away from them altogether – after coming out. Today, LGBTQ+ families continue to face discrimination when trying to start a family, whether through foster care, adoption, or assisted reproduction.

Currently, laws that protect LGBTQ+ people in fostering and adoption vary from state to state. Twenty-nine states and Washington DC prohibit fostering and adoption agencies from discriminating based on sexual orientation or gender identity, while 12 states allow these agencies to refuse to provide services to LGBTQ+ people based on religious beliefs.

But where in the United States do LGBTQ+ people raise their families? Discover, Stacker cited LGBT demographics of the Williams Institute based on Gallup surveys conducted between 2015 and 2017, and examined the demographics of LGBT families in each state and in Washington D.C. Respondents who said they identified as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender were considered LGBT and were not asked to identify under the broader LGBTQ+ umbrella. The average age of LGBT respondents nationally was 36.4.

Read on to find out how many LGBT-identifying people have children in your state, or check out the national list. here.

Ohio by the Numbers

– Population identifying as LGBT: 4.3%
– LGBT population with children: 30.0%
– LGBT couples with children: 17.7%

As recently as June 2021, the Supreme Court dealt a blow to gay parents trying to start a family in its ruling on Fulton vs. City of Philadelphia. Court sided with Catholic social services agency, which refused to work with same-sex couples applying to foster children, arguing agency’s First Amendment rights trumped charges of discrimination.

Assisted reproduction services like in vitro fertilization (IVF) have also historically been less accessible to LGBTQ+ people, in part due to a limiting definition of infertility. The CDC defines infertility such as “not being able to get pregnant (conceive) after a year (or more) of unprotected sex”. For many health insurance plans use this definition to determine eligibility for treatment, non-cisgender and heterosexual couples are often excluded from coverage. However, that may soon change as the Biden administration plans to expand the definition of infertility listed in the Affordable Care Act to be more inclusive of LGBTQ+ people.

Other legislative changes in some states have improved access to family services for LGBTQ+ people. End of May 2022, Colorado Governor Jared Polis– who is openly gay – signed a law simplifying the process of granting gay parents legal custody of their non-gestational children. And the Supreme Court ruled in 2017 that LGBTQ+ parents have the same right to be co-listed on the birth certificate of their child as heterosexual couples.

Keep reading to see how many LGBT people have children in other states in your area.

Indiana

– Population identifying as LGBT: 4.5%
– LGBT population with children: 34.0%
– LGBT couples with children: 18.9%

Kentucky

– Population identifying as LGBT: 3.4%
– LGBT population with children: 26.0%
– LGBT couples with children: 18.5%

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